Why choose Sanskrit as a Sanskrit subject in UPSC Main? – Times of India

Although Sanskrit is still considered an ancient language and is considered very difficult to understand, it is emerging as one of the best allied subjects in UPSC Civil Services Maine. ‘Sanskrit language literature’ may not be very popular as an alchemy subject and includes those who study Sanskrit in school, as they tend to avoid the subject, it is very difficult and not commonly spoken / used. The following data may best explain this: If in 2016, about 79 candidates opted for this subject in Civil Services Maine; In 2017, the numbers were even lower, at around 65/66, while in 2018 and 2019, it dropped to 54 and 53, respectively.

High scoring issues


But in spite of the small number, there is much more of Sanskrit in the Maines than is widely known. The syllabus is low for one, which gives the examinees the opportunity to correct many times before the exam. “It’s scoring, and among the few humanities that are in close competition with physics, chemistry and mathematics, the top scorers got more than 320/400 marks in the Mains. A time can be saved, ”said Bachaspati Mishra, president of the Uttar Pradesh Sanskrit Association (UPSS).


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Under the 10-month program, candidates will be directed to the civil service in areas from preliminary examination to interview stage. The training will be conducted in three stages where grammar, philosophy, philosophy, Sanskrit theatrics, prose and poetry, among others will be taught. Although there is an entrance exam for this program, candidates who pass the preliminary exam of UPSC 2020-21 will be admitted directly.


Employment prospects

Mishra says students are ashamed of Sanskrit with the idea that they should try the entire civil service paper in Sanskrit. But except for the three compulsory questions which have to be answered in Sanskrit, all other questions have to be answered in Sanskrit or the medium of examination chosen by the candidate. He also emphasized the recent government initiatives to link the potential of Sanskrit to youth employment and see the civil service as the perfect route.

“The subjects of the Sanskrit curriculum that focus on ancient Indian culture and philosophy can help government employees better understand the country. In fact Sanskrit was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s chosen subject in the Indian Civil Service Examination which would inspire the youth to choose this ‘historically relevant’ subject. And although the number of candidates who choose Sanskrit is low, the 50% success rate is mainly due to those who are fond of Sanskrit, or others who have become difficult with more challenging subjects, ”Mishra added.


Obviously, most students from Sanskrit non-Sanskrit backgrounds score well on this subject, and when it comes to IIT or medical stream, there is a scientific temperament. They use flow and pie charts, comparative analysis and extensive research of past year’s papers, ”Mishra commented.

Precise syllabus

“Sanskrit has a well-defined syllabus that can be easily covered. Second, it is basically a stable subject, so candidates do not need to memorize or read current affairs specifically for this allied subject and they do not have to update their notes periodically. Some parts of it, such as grammar, are of an objective nature which can help them get 100% marks, ”said Himanshu Tyagi, AVP and head of national products – government job test, career launcher.


If the aspirants choose Sanskrit, because this subject allows them to take a break from their basic general study (GS) preparation. Popular algebraic subjects like anthropology, geography, history, sociology, etc. have a large number of recipients who study from the same source and thus write similar answers. “Therefore, the subject matter which is the only distinguishing factor of the Mains loses its significance. Literature is optional, as the number of recipients is less, the competition is less than usual, ”he said.

Tyagi rejects the notion that one must have a deep knowledge of Sanskrit in order to opt for the subject. “Even those who have basic Sanskrit knowledge (+2 level) can master the subject with 2-3 months of dedicated preparation. Having bachelor level knowledge in this subject will take less time. However, students need to find the right resources for teachers, study materials etc. Struggles, ”Tyagi said.

My graduate

Limited coaching classes in Sanskrit is another hurdle, says Siddhidatri Bharadwaj, an assistant professor in the Sanskrit department at Benares Hindu University. He argues that the number of Sanskrit students for the civil service is almost negligible, as they do not aim high and are mostly from disadvantaged backgrounds. “Family pressure limits their options for getting a job right after graduation, and in most cases such students find academic positions. Bharadwaj added, “Lack of awareness and lack of counseling support also contributes to the low enrollment of Sanskrit in the Civil Services Main.”

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