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Amoeba usually moves up the nose while swimming.

A baby in Nebraska, USA, is suspected to have died of a rare case of brain-eating amoeba, according to a report by ABC News. If confirmed, it would be the first of its kind in Nebraska, the outlet added.

Here are five points about Naigleria fowleri:

  1. According to the CDC, Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba that lives in soil and warm freshwater, such as lakes, rivers and hot springs, and causes primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM).

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  2. It is called the “brain-eating amoeba” because it can cause a brain infection if the water containing the amoeba comes into contact with the nose, usually while swimming. Infection is almost always fatal.

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  3. According to the CDC, people do not become infected by drinking contaminated water or swimming in properly chlorinated pools.

  4. The CDC also says that only about three people in the U.S. are infected with it each year.

  5. When a person contracts the infection, early symptoms may include headache, fever, nausea, or vomiting.

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