a new video Human rights organization Amnesty International has mapped the locations of more than 15,000 cameras used by the New York Police Department for both routine surveillance and facial recognition searches. A 3D model shows the 200-meter range of a camera that is part of a wider dragon capturing the unintentional movements of nearly half of the city’s residents, putting them at risk of misidentification. The group says it is the first to map the locations of so many cameras in the city.
A team of Amnesty International and volunteer researchers mapped cameras that could feed the NYPD’s much-criticised facial recognition system in three of the city’s five boroughs—Manhattan, Brooklyn and the Bronx—a total of 15,280. . Brooklyn is the most surveyed, with over 8,000 cameras.
“You’re never anonymous,” says Matt Mahmoudi, an AI researcher who led the project. NYPD has used cameras Nearly 22,000 facial recognition Searches since 2017, according to NYPD documents obtained by the Surveillance Technology Oversight Project, a New York privacy group.
Says Mahmoodi, “Whether you’re participating in a protest, walking around a particular neighborhood, or even just grocery shopping, your face can be seen from thousands of camera points across New York. Can be tracked by facial recognition technology using imagery.”
Cameras are often installed on top of buildings, at street lights and at intersections. There are thousands of cameras in the city itself; In addition, private businesses and landlords often provide access to the police.
Police can compare the faces captured by these cameras with criminal databases to trace potential suspects. Earlier this year, the NYPD was supposed to disclose details of its facial recognition system for public comment. But those disclosures did not include any details on the number or location of cameras, or how long the data is kept or with whom the data is shared.
The Amnesty International team found that the cameras are often clustered in a majority non-white neighborhood. NYC’s most surveyed neighborhood is East New York, Brooklyn, where the group found 577 cameras in less than 2 square miles. More than 90 percent of East New York residents are black, according to city statistics
Facial-recognition systems often perform less accurately on dark-skinned people than on lighter-skinned people. In 2016, researchers from Georgetown University found that police departments across the country used facial recognition to identify potential suspects non-white compared to their white counterparts.
In a statement, a NYPD spokesperson said the department never arrests anyone “on the basis of a facial recognition match alone”, and only to investigate “a suspect or suspect related to the investigation of a particular crime.” uses the equipment.
“Where images are taken on or near a specific crime, a suspect’s image may be compared against a database, including those legally kept in law enforcement records based on prior arrest,” the statement said. Only mug shots gone are included.”
Amnesty International is releasing the map and video as part of its #BantheScan campaign and urging city officials to ban police use of the tool before the city’s mayoral primaries later this month. In May, Vice Mayor asked candidates If they would support a ban on facial recognition. While most did not respond to inquiries, candidate Diane Morales told the publication she supported the ban, while candidates Sean Donovan and Andrew Yang suggested auditing for disproportionate impact before deciding on any regulation.
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