Education Times In the report, Bhushan Patwardhan, former vice-chairman, University Grants Commission, and National Research Professor – AYUSH Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University, said, “Rajasthan may look ahead in the race for general education or UP. However, to understand the real phenomenon, however, we need to take a comparative overview using some quality parameters.If we take the NIRF ranking as a parameter and perform a state-based analysis, the picture will be clearer. The number of institutions in the state can be a misleading indicator of the state of education, especially its quality.Rajasthan has 50 institutions, which is the highest number in the country but only 2 of them are in the ranking of top 100 NIRF universities (4%). NIRF is in the top 100 university rankings. ”
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He added that a key message of the report is that increasing the number of higher education institutions or awarding online degrees may not be the right strategy to increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER). “Such unhealthy expansion could add a hollow degree to the current burden of current unemployment. In the case of higher education, not only quantity, but also quality, relevance and employment are the most important issues. NEP 2020 focuses on these aspects properly, making it necessary to implement the policy without further delay. ”
Kamlesh Bass, partner, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LL, explains that GER has grown steadily from 24.5 in 2015-16 to 27.1 in 2019-20. “GER for women (27.3), which surpassed GER for men for the first time in 2018-19, further enhanced its leadership from GER (26.9) for men. Other higher education parameters such as several universities and colleges, enrollment numbers and infrastructural facilities have improved in the last few years. The number of teachers who have been declining for 2 years has also increased for two consecutive years from 2017-18. ”
More women in MPhil
According to the report, the total number of enrollments through regular mode in all higher education courses in 2019-20 is about 342.5 lakh. The highest percentage of enrollment (80.96%) is at undergraduate level, followed by postgraduate (9.32%), and diploma (7.45%), all other levels add up to 2.27%. The enrollment rate of women under different education levels was higher than that of male enrollment in MPhil (62.25%), postgraduate course (57.52%), and certificate course (55.75%). “Increasing the enrollment of girls in higher education is a good trend. Enrollment in the MPhil program may indicate an intention to enter an academic career. Women are born with a natural instinct for decoration, inspiration and personality. More committed female teachers can help improve the importance and quality of higher education, ”said Patwardhan.
Geeta Bhat, Director, Board of Non-Collegiate Women’s Education, DU, agreed, when she said, “Teachers are at the center of successful implementation of NEP. Institutions that can facilitate and orient their faculty will be able to provide quality education. The statistics of women enrollment in ASHE are encouraging Many women are at a crossroads when it comes to charting their future after graduation. For future research options, MPhil offers the opportunity to test water.
The report indicates that with the exception of MPhil, where the number of enrollments has actually declined in the last two years, all other courses, including enrollment in PhD, UG and PG courses, have increased. The MPhil program should not be discontinued, Patvardhan added, adding, “It needs to be revised, and more material related to teaching skills needs to be brought in as well as research orientation. Such a powerful MPhil program can be a desirable qualification for college teachers. It is worrying to see a growing enrollment for PhD programs. This may be due to a mandatory qualification to be a teaching faculty. A PhD should be an option primarily for those who want to continue their career as a researcher or senior faculty at a multidisciplinary education and research university. At the same time, we need to make a concerted effort to increase the number of women candidates for PhDs. ”
The rise of digital education
Accelerating the pace of online learning The epidemic that the report emphasizes, Bass said, “Some of the challenges associated with online and digital education, such as fatigue, low connectivity and low completion rates, have come to the fore. However, there is a general belief among educators that digital learning is a process. It is still evolving and new educational approaches are needed for virtual education to be effective. Also, most educators believe that mixed learning is the way forward. ”
Outlining EdTech’s trajectory, he added, “Traditionally, EdTech has focused primarily on learner-tutor networks. However, a number of new technologies, such as analysis and AI / ML, are emerging that are capable of enhancing learning effectiveness for students. Similarly, there are other areas that are being targeted by EdTech such as content curation, micro-plucking of content and predicting learning needs based on evaluation. EdTech is being used by educators to make decisions about designing curricula, learning speeds and learning paths using analytics as well as virtual assessments of high-integrity. ”The report considers such educational trends and more.
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