These districts have been identified by an expert committee constituted by the UGC on the basis of various educational parameters including Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER), college population ratio and average enrollment per college.
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In response to questions from both Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MPs Rama Devi and Harish Dwivedi in the Lok Sabha, the education ministry’s higher education department said there were 374 such districts in the country. Among the 2 educationally backward districts, Punjab has the highest number of 1 districts – Amritsar, Bathinda, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Saheb, Ferozepur, Gurudaspur, Kapurthala, Mansa, Moga, Muktsar, Nawashahar, Patiala, Sangrur – Haryana where seven – Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Panipath, Sirsa – have been declared educationally backward. There are four such districts in Himachal Pradesh, including Chamba, Kinnar, Lahul-Spiti and Sirmaur.
The ministry in its response claimed that it has taken several initiatives to improve the quality of education with special focus on EBD, implementing an integrated scheme for school education in the name of holistic education.
In addition, other initiatives such as the National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numbers; And performance appraisal, review, and knowledge analysis for overall development (PARAKH) etc. are being implemented to improve the quality of school education. Model degree colleges have been approved in 1 degree district, of which 64 have been approved by UGC and 1 MD0 MDC has been approved under the central sponsorship project of National Expeditionary Education Campaign (RUSA).
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