National Mathematics Day 2021: India Celebrates Dr. Ramanujan’s 134th Birthday – Times of India

New Delhi: India celebrates National Mathematics Day on the birth anniversary of Srinivas Ramanujan, one of the most notable mathematicians of the 20th century. India celebrates its National Mathematics Day on its birth anniversary, the then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh declared December 22, 2012 as National Mathematics Day. This is the 10th occasion when India is celebrating National Mathematics Day and the 134th birth anniversary of Dr. Ramanujan.


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His contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series, continuous fractions and number theory are immeasurable. Ramanujan is most popular for his contributions to the analytical theory of numbers, elliptical functions, continuous fractions and infinite series.

Srinivas Ramanujan was born on this day in 18 Erode in Tamil Nadu to a Tamil Brahmin Iyengar family. He died on 27 April 1920 in Kumbakonam.

When Ramanujan was just 12 years old, he started practicing trigonometry and at the age of 13 he created his own theorem without any help.


Ramanujan studied at the Government College, Kumbakonam in 1903. He failed many times while studying in college due to lack of knowledge in subjects other than mathematics.

In 1912, he worked at the Madras Port Trust, where his mathematical skills were recognized by some of his colleagues, one of whom referred him to GH Hardy, a professor at Trinity College, Cambridge University.

Ramanujan was one of the youngest members of the Royal Society of Britain and the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University.


Ramanujan returned to India in 1919. A year later, he died at the age of 32.

According to official data, Ramanujan also invented his own theorem and independently compiled about 3,900 results. Academics around the world agree that his theories have transformed 20th century mathematics and will continue to shape the 21st century.

The 2015 movie ‘The Man Who Knows Infinity’ is based on the biography of Srinivas Ramanujan. It describes the life of mathematicians and their journey towards the establishment of famous mathematical theories.

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