Referring to CPCB’s assessment of these clusters on various green parameters, the report noted that Tarapur in Maharashtra emerged as the most polluted industrial cluster in the country, followed by Mathura (UP), Bulandshahr-Khurja (UP), Moradabad (UP) is the place of Vadodara. (Gujarat), Najafgarh drain basin (Delhi), Kanpur (UP) and Varanasi-Mirzapur (UP) between 2009 and 2018.
Referring to the CPCB’s Comprehensive Environmental Pollution Index (CEPI), which included contamination of air, water and soil to reach an index on a scale of 100, the report – CSE’s annual publication of Down to Earth – Mentioned that 35 of 88 industrial clusters showed overall environmental degradation, 33 pointed to deteriorating air quality, 45 had more polluted water while 17 had land pollution which has worsened in 2018 as compared to 2009.
“The overall assessment is that our air and water quality is under stress. All trends suggest that pollution is increasing and is having a wide impact on our health. Even during the lockdown, statistics show that the pollution of the river has not reduced. CSE Director General Sunita Narayan said, clearly, we need to do a lot to improve the quality of the air we breathe and the water we drink.
On air quality standards, the report found that the CEPI air quality score increased from 52 in 2009 to more than 85 out of 100 in Delhi’s Najafgarh drain basin in 2018, while it increased from 48 in 2009 to Mathura (UP) in 2018. Done 86. . Similarly, the Bulandshahr-Khurja region in UP almost doubled its score and came up above 70 with other groups such as Gajraula (UP) and Siltara (Chhattisgarh). On the water quality front, Sanganer in Rajasthan and Gurugram in Haryana had the worst scores in 2018, while Manali was the worst on land contamination standards.
“This is a telling decision. CEPI data clearly indicates that there has been no action over the years to control and reduce pollution even in areas that have already been ‘severely’ or ‘severely’ polluted Was identified as “, Nivit Kumar Yadav, Program Director, Industrial Pollution Unit of CSE. .
The report, in which publicly available data was used, also marked India’s dismal performance in terms of sustainable development, noting that the country is currently ranked 117th out of 192 countries in terms of sustainable development, Where it now lags behind all South Asian countries except Pakistan.
“In relation to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the five best performing states in India are Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. Based on this parameter, the five worst performing states are Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Uttar Pradesh.
Underlining the impact of Kovid-19, the report states that the country is all set to usher in an ‘epidemic generation’, where 375 million children (from newborns to 14-year-olds) live long-term Effects can be countered, including being underweight. , To increase stunting and child mortality, to loss in education and work productivity. It noted that there are also hidden victims of the epidemic – globally more than 500 million children are forced to drop out of school, where India has more than 50% children.
Looking at the lessons that India has learned over the years and especially during the epidemic, Narayan said, “The good news is that we are learning to do things differently. We are adopting technologies that will be affordable and so durable in large numbers. This is where the answer would be – in sewage treatment done differently, for mobility systems that would move people and not cars. ”