Modi, who will attend a meeting of quad leaders at the White House on Friday, along with Scott Morrison of Australia and Yoshihide Sugar of Japan, is pushing for the largest restructuring of India’s military since independence in 1947. The military, air force consolidation measures and the navy যা which now works with little coordination সাথে are working with the United States and the United Kingdom and Australia to deploy more nuclear-powered submarines in Asia-Pacific waters.
Last month, a newly formed military affairs department instructed the Indian Army unit overseeing the Pakistan border to draw up a plan to integrate it with the navy and air force. This model will be repeated across the country so that by 2024 the entire military will be under a new operating structure, officials said, who did not want to be identified because of the rules of speaking to the media.
A more integrated Indian armed force will make it easier for the country to join the military of the United States and its allies in the event of a conflict. A key aspect of the AUKUS partnership announced last week by the US, Australia and the UK is the involvement of inter-operability in various defense sectors – which India currently lacks within its own forces.
David Brewster, Senior Research Fellow at National Security, said, “Quad partners have previously found that they can only practice with one Indian service at a time – for example, the Navy but not the Air Force, or the Air Force but not the Navy.” College of the Australian National University who wrote the book “India as Asia Pacific Power”. “This severely disrupts cooperation when most operations would be joint if not many.”
In the United States on Thursday, Modi met separately with Morrison, Suga and U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris before the fourth meeting at the White House. In a tweet, his office referred to India’s “shared values” with the United States and said cooperation was “slowly increasing.”
For decades, Indian leaders have divided military command and control in order to avoid a one-time coup d’tat by neighbors. Although bureaucrats and military officials have resisted almost unification proposals since the 1990s, largely due to the jungle war, the current structure is proving a difficulty in dealing with China, which in 2016 moved towards the same model as the United States and Australia.
Fight for cash
The Indian Army is being modernized to meet regional challenges and technological changes, ”a Defense Ministry spokesman said without elaborating on the plan. Bharat Bhushan Babu said. The Indian Navy, Army and Air Force did not immediately comment.
The restructuring will create at least four theater commands: one focusing on Pakistan to the west, the other focusing on China, a maritime command for the Indian Ocean region and an air defense command. The restive north of Jammu and Kashmir will remain obsolete for the time being.
The move is aimed at allowing the Indian military to operate smoothly across land, sea and air. Theater commands will pool warships, patrol craft, soldiers and warplanes and work with other missile and gun regiments that have a network of ground radars to deal with threats on the disputed border between China and Pakistan.
While China has the world’s largest permanent army with more than 2.1 million troops, India ranks second with 1.2 million regular troops and a bloated ground force of 600,000 reserves, whose salaries and pensions exploit most of the defense budget. The Indian Army estimates that organizing in theaters will scale the economy, reducing the cost of concentrating power in a single office by about one-third: Chairman of the Joint Staff Committee.
Anit Mukherjee, an associate professor at the S Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore, said, “India’s neutral approach to training, planning and operations created inconsistencies when working with other ‘modern’ military forces.” And it’s an open question whether they’ve been able to meet those challenges. ”
Officials said the Indian Air Force, in particular, opposed the idea of multiple theaters, arguing that its scarce resources would be drained if it failed to respond to threats in various parts of the country.
The three services still do not have a common secure communication network, with Indian Air Force jets launching missiles into Pakistan in 2019 to destroy an alleged terrorist training camp in response to a suicide attack in Jammu and Kashmir that killed 400 soldiers. . The Indian Army unit was alerted but was not told why or what to expect, according to a senior officer who asked not to be identified.
While the Indian military responded to elected representatives, a tradition of political non-interference led to the development of conflict between the three main services. It has also strengthened the military, which commands more than 0% of total military spending, with a greater focus on land borders than on building capacity in Indo-Pacific waters.
“The problem with India’s restructuring so far is the tendency to strengthen the military dominance of the defense forces and to strengthen a narrow focus on continental defense,” said Brewster from the Australian National University. “This could mean a reduction in the ability of the Indian Armed Forces to project energy into the Indo-Pacific region in collaboration with the Fourth Partners.”