An 11-year-old boy who was admitted to AIDS on July 2 died of bird flu on Tuesday. Contacts are being made to identify people who may be in close contact with the boy.
Here’s what you need to know about bird flu or avian influenza:
- What is bird flu or avian influenza?
Not all avian influenza viruses can affect humans. However, some of them can cause serious diseases. Avian influenza H5N8 virus, commonly known as bird flu, is one of them. It attacks the lungs, nose and throat. It has symptoms like an infectious respiratory illness and a common cold
Early stages: Sore throat, sneezing, runny nose
Later stages: fever, muscle aches, chills, sweating, headache, dry cough, nasal congestion, weakness
- High risk group
Children under 2 years of age and over 65 years of age
Those who have comorbidities
Women who are pregnant or have recently given birth
- How Humans Can Be Infected
It is not uncommon for bird flu to spread from person to person. People who work in close contact with infected birds, dead or alive, or eat cooked or half-cooked poultry are at risk.
- Direct contact (most common)Humans can become infected after touching an infected bird and touching its eyes, nose or mouth
- Regulated protection
A healthy-looking bird can spread the virus by landing on its surface
- Air viruses
It can stay in the air in the form of droppings or dust after fluttering the wings of an infected bird. People can get the virus if they inhale it
- Bird-to-bird transmission
Some bird species, such as ducks and geese, are considered natural reservoirs of influenza-type viruses. They can spread the disease through their drops.
- How to stay safe
Avoid direct or close exposure to infected poultry.
CookingUndocumented or partially high heat cooking kills chickens and eggs