Speaking to Education Times, Amba Kulkarni, Professor, Department of Sanskrit Studies, University of Hyderabad, said, “Reading any Sanskrit text requires knowing the suffix associated with Sanskrit words which cannot be seen separately. This suffix is integrated with Sanskrit words. Learning Sanskrit is a difficult task because students have to memorize all the forms of the verb (verb). In Sanskrit, there are dual forms of words in addition to singular and plural. To help the users, we have designed a computational tool where we give only one word and the machine shows all the forms of that Sanskrit word. For example, if we write the word Ram, the computer will provide all its forms in our Sanskrit language. ”
Computational tools are meant to recognize words. But, in Sanskrit a student has to mark the boundaries of words and sentences which is a challenge.
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“Computational tools help to solve all these problems. These computational tools are used as an aid to students to understand the text and rules of grammar. Another aspect that needs to be noted is rich in Sanskrit poetry. It’s difficult. Now we have computational tools that can transform these poetic forms into prose forms that are easy to understand. ”
Kulkarni added that there is also an option to interpret sentences in Sanskrit with the help of visual graphics through this computational tool which also makes learning Sanskrit an easy and interesting task.
For each Sanskrit word, a link to a dictionary like Sanskrit-Hindi Dictionary, Sanskrit-English Dictionary and Sanskrit-French Dictionary is also provided, Kulkarni added.
Girish Nath Jha, Professor of Computational Linguistics, School of Sanskrit and Indic Studies, JNU, says, “You need to have the tools to teach Sanskrit in an online mode. Tools such as articulation tools that teach how words come together, morphology tools that teach word formation, and phonetic tools can also be used to teach Sanskrit. Ethical values can be taught to young children through animated Panchatantra stories. E-learning is the main method of teaching where the human teacher has no role, but the software estimates the role of a teacher. It falls under the AI Intelligent Tutoring System. We have launched an MA program in Sanskrit in online mode which will be launched next year. Sanskrit is taught in the ashram where students are immersed in Sanskrit culture. On the other hand, the Artificial Intelligence (AI)-centric approach will not be so extensive, but a much larger number of students will be able to learn that language. JNU has several multimedia e-learning tools. We also have a certificate course in computational linguistics for Sanskrit. ”
Subhash Chandra, an assistant professor in the Sanskrit department at Delhi University (DU), said, “Many computer scientists have done a lot of research on Sanskrit in the past. In the computer science department, a branch of natural language processing was introduced. It is also called computational linguistics which is a combination of computer science and any language. We create computer applications for languages. In 1991, the Ministry of Electronics and IT established a department called Technology Development for Indian Languages (TDIL). We use audio-visual presentations like PPT and some linguistic tools to teach Sanskrit grammar. ”
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