This reservation is meant for MBBS, MD, MS, Diploma, BDS and MDS – Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medical and Dental courses from the current academic year (2021-22).
In a meeting held on July 26, Prime Minister Narendra Modi directed the concerned Union Ministers to find an effective solution to this long-standing issue.
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Shortly after the decision, Modi praised the move in multiple tweets: “Our government has taken a remarkable decision to save 10% for economically weaker sections for 2 O% OBCs in the All India Quota Scheme for undergraduates and postgraduates. Medical / Dental courses from the current academic year.”
“It will help our thousands of young people get better opportunities every year and set a new precedent of social justice in our country.”
The decision will benefit about 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 OBC students in postgraduate courses, as well as about 550 EWS students in MBBS and about one thousand EWS students in postgraduate courses.
The AIQ scheme was introduced in 1986 under the direction of the Supreme Court for accommodation-free, merit-based opportunities for students from any state to study at a medical college located in another state.
AIQ consists of 15 per cent of the total undergraduate seats and 50 per cent of the total postgraduate seats in government medical colleges.
Initially, there were no reservations in the AIQ scheme until 200 AI.
In 2007, the Supreme Court introduced 15 per cent reservation for SCs and .5.5 per cent for STs in the AIQ scheme.
In 200 Educational, when the Central Educational Institutions (Admission Reservation) Act came into force, providing 2 uniform percent uniform reservation in OBCs, all the same educational institutions like Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University etc. were implemented.
However, it did not increase the AIQ seats in state medical and dental colleges.
As it is a central project, the central list of OBCs will be used for this conservation. About 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 postgraduate students will benefit from this reservation.
In order to provide convenience to EWS category students for admission in higher education institutions, a constitutional amendment was introduced in 2015 which enabled the provision of ten per cent reservation for EWS department.
Accordingly, seats in medical and dental colleges were increased by more than two years in 2019-20 and 2020-21 for this additional 10 per cent EWS reservation so as not to reduce the total number of seats for the uncovered class.
In the last six years, the number of MBBS seats in the country has increased from 54,388 per cent in 2014 to 94,6449 in 2020, while the number of PG seats has increased by 60 per cent from 30,191 in 2010 to 5,2755 in 2020.
At the same time, 1,179 new medical colleges have been established and at present there are 57 medical colleges in the country, of which 269 are colleges and 2,269 are private institutions.