The report is based on a survey conducted in 25 states and three union territories. It covers a total of 76,706 families and 75,234 children aged 5 to 16 years.
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At the all-India level, there has been a clear shift from private to government schools. For children aged 6 to 14, private school enrollment has dropped from 32.5 percent in 2018 to 24.4 percent in 2021, according to the 18th ASER report released on Wednesday. Seen in all grades and in both boys and girls. However, boys are still more likely to be enrolled in private schools than girls, “he added.
In government schools, the average enrollment rate in 2018 was 64.3 percent, up from 65.8 percent last year and 70.3 percent this year.
From 2006 to 2014, there has been a gradual increase in private schooling. After the plateau has been close to 30 percent for several years, the epidemic has dropped significantly over the years. Even before COVID-19, the proportion of girls enrolled in government schools was higher than that of boys for each grade and age. This trend continues over time, it noted.
However, the report states, “Time will tell whether these patterns constitute a transient phase, as schools reopen across the state or they become a permanent feature of schools in rural India.”
The report noted that the highest growth in government schools was recorded in Uttar Pradesh (13.2 per cent), followed by Kerala (11.9 per cent).
Rajasthan (9.4 per cent), Maharashtra (9.2 per cent), Karnataka (8.3 per cent), Tamil Nadu (9.6 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (8.4 per cent), Telangana (3.7 per cent), Bihar (2.8 per cent), West Bengal (3.9 per cent) and Jharkhand. (2.5 per cent) are among the states that have seen an increase in the number of government school admissions
A total of 4,872 schools, which were reopened after being closed due to the epidemic, were physically surveyed when in-charges of 2,427 schools that were not open during the survey were contacted by phone.
The report noted that there was no change in the proportion of children between the ages of six and 14 who were not enrolled in school.
According to the report, the proportion of children currently out of school has increased from 1.4 percent to 4.6 percent in 2020 This ratio remained unchanged between 2020 and 2021
Among children aged 15-16, the increase in public school enrollment from 57.4 percent in 2018 to 67.4 percent in 2021 was driven by a significant reduction in the proportion of ‘out of school’ children from 12.1 percent in 2018 to 6.6 percent in 2021, as well as a decrease in private school enrollment. It added.
“There is a fair amount of variation in enrollment at the state level. The national growth in government school enrollment is driven by the big northern states like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana and the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and the south ৷ Andhra Pradesh. During this time, government school enrollment rates have dropped, and the proportion of out-of-school children has increased, “the report said.
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