The unexpected surge has forced the Diabetes Atlas, a global report on the disorder, to plan for a revision of India-specific numbers in October. Recently we did a study in Chennai and Kanchipuram showing an increase of 40% in urban areas in six years and 49% in rural areas in three years. This, according to Dr. A. Ramachandran, president of the Indian Diabetes Research Foundation, falsifies the general hypothesis of diabetes affecting more urban people than rural people.
According to the Diabetes Atlas published in 2007, there are 246 million diabetic patients worldwide, 80% of whom are in developing and underdeveloped countries. According to these figures, India has 40.9 million diabetic patients, followed by 39.8 million diabetic patients in China. It was estimated that by 2025, India will have 69.9 million people and China will have 59.3 million diabetic patients.
When the atlas was released, it was estimated that the prevalence in cities was higher than in rural areas. Now it seems that there has been a change. We need to see how many states in India show the same trend. This will enable us to revise policies and strategies to fight diabetes, ”says Ramachandran, who is part of the committee working on revised data.
According to Dr. S. Murthy, Medical Director of Endocrine Diagnostic Center and Diabetes Care Center, this change is possibly due to urbanization of rural areas. “Lifestyle changes and genetic factors lead to metabolic disorders,” he says. The country is now at a crossroads and the gap between urban-rural disease, says Dr V Mohan, head of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation. Is decreasing It occurs in different ways in different places. In Kerala, the incidence is already high in rural areas, ”he says.
Dr. Anoop Mishra, head of the diabetes department at Fortis Hospital in Delhi, says a nationwide study is needed before the modification. Any formula developed for extrapolating field-specific studies will not be error-free. The incidence is increasing in some rural areas, but this can only be true in Delhi, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, AP, Karnataka and West Bengal.