2021 was 5th warmest year in India since 1901: IMD | India News – Times of India

New Delhi: 2021 was the fifth warmest year in India since the nationwide record was set in 1901, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said in its report ‘Climate of India in 2021’. The annual compilation released on Friday also shows that the country lost 1,750 lives due to extreme weather last year and 350 people died in the worst-hit state of Maharashtra.
Lightning and thunderstorms killed the most – 787 – followed by heavy rains, floods and landslides that killed 759 people. The cyclone killed 172 people in various states in 2021.
Regarding the warming phenomenon, the report found that 11 of the 15 warmest years in the country experienced the highest warming in the last 15 years (2007-2021) in 2016 when it was 0.71 degrees Celsius higher than the long-term average (LPA). During the period 1981-2010. In 2021, the average annual surface air temperature in India was 0.44 degrees Celsius higher than the LPA.
“Throughout India, winter (January to February) and post-monsoon (October to December) seasons mean temperature inequality (actual-LPA temperatures) of +0.78 সেল C and +0.42 সেল C are the major contributors to this warming,” said Meteorologist. The report explained that last year’s relatively mild winters initially contributed to the overall higher average temperature of the year.
However, the all-India average temperature was “above normal” with the discrepancies of +0.35 সেল C and +0.34 সেল C for the other two seasons such as pre-monsoon (March to May) and monsoon (June to September), respectively. . The average surface temperature in India seems to be consistent with the increase in global average surface temperature. The annual rainfall in India in 2021 was 105% of its LPA based on the period 1961-2010.
IMD has also compiled the Standardized Receipt Index – used to monitor drought conditions.

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