However, in most states the disparity in vaccination is much worse than in the adult population. Kerala and Chhattisgarh are the only states where more women than men have been vaccinated.
In Chhattisgarh, the adult population has a sex ratio of 1,013 females per 1,000 males, but the proportion of females in the vaccinated population is even higher – 1,045 females per 1,000 males.
Although Kerala has the highest proportion of females in the vaccinated population (52.2% or 1,087 for every 1,000 males), it is lower than the sex ratio for the adult population, which is 1,126.
The lack of agency of women, in many cases the inability to book slots on CoWin on their own and the lack of independent mobility are important reasons that may explain this disparity.
But there seem to be other factors as well. In states with high vaccination coverage, for example, gender disparity among immunizations is very low. In Himachal Pradesh, about 50% of those vaccinated are women. It has the highest vaccination coverage in a country with over 38% of its adult population.
In Rajasthan, where the coverage is around 30%, about 48% of women have been vaccinated, despite the state having an adult sex ratio of 906.
Low vaccination coverage may mean that the gender gap is high in states such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar and West Bengal. In UP, where only 12% of the adult population has been vaccinated, although the adult sex ratio is 936, it is only 746 among those who have been vaccinated.
Similarly, in Bihar where only 13% of the adult population is covered, the state with an adult sex ratio of 923 has a vaccinated sex ratio of 810. As coverage approaches 100%, the slant will more accurately reflect gender imbalances. in the adult population. One of the exceptions to the pattern is Jammu and Kashmir, where 32% of the adult population has been given one shot and yet only 711 females for every 1,000 males have been vaccinated.
UT has a much better adult sex ratio of 913. The explanation would probably be a large part of vaccinations being security forces, almost all men. The next lowest sex ratio in immunization is in Delhi, where females were just 42% of those vaccinated, or just 722 per 1,000 males. This reflects a different pattern – a clear gender disparity in almost all major cities, perhaps thanks to the presence of a larger population of male migrant workers.